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2012-09-21T19:07:25Z Montalvo-Castro, Jorge Solving riddles involves association of ideas, analysis of metaphors, and discovery of analogies. Therefore, promoting this type of children’s entertainment is a way to develop creative thinking. However, there is a problem: traditional riddles are literary forms that correspond to a pre-digital era. How can we increase its acceptance among the digital natives? One way might be creating audiovisual riddles specially designed for YouTube. In this research we made five prototypes of audiovisual riddles with different creative characteristics and validated them among 8-12 years old students. The validation results helped us to identify the attitudes, reactions, interpretations and ways of thinking of children when they try to solve such riddles. We also identified the resources of language and creative formats that fit best in audio-visual riddles. The outcome of this research emphasizes the need to correctly formulate the audiovisual riddle statements and their «clues» for children; this way we assure an intellectual and emotional satisfaction when solving them. It also concludes that reading or listening to traditional riddles are cognitive and sensory experiences that are very different from interacting with the same riddle in a multimedia language. Finally, we discuss and analyze the mediating role of the teacher and the importance of collaborative learning in educational projects using digital technologies.
2012-09-21T18:59:46Z Marcelo-García, Carlos Yot-Domínguez, Carmen Mayor, Cristina Being a teacher means being involved in the design of learning activities. The teaching profession has become a «profession of knowledge», not because knowledge was or is the legitimate component of the profession, but because the teacher is the designer of learning environments and has the ability to design the spaces where knowledge is being produced. But these learning environments have long been regulated to the privacy of the classroom environment with student complicity. One positive aspect of the launch of the European Higher Education Area has been to bring greater transparency to the process of designing teaching and student learning. Our objective in this study was to identify, represent and document a wide variety of learning designs made by experienced and innovative teachers. We hope this repository will be available and accessible to every teacher through the Internet. The participants in this study were 58 teachers mainly from universities in Andalusia and the five branches of knowledge. From interviews we proceeded to represent all the learning sequences, available in the repository of sequences that we named «Ala cena». This repository is accessible on our research group’s website (http://prometeo.us.es/idea). The conclusions of our study were that there are innovative learning designs aimed at promoting a greater understanding of what students learn through their involvement in processes of inquiry and/or collaboration, and they are representative of good teaching practices in universities.
2012-09-21T18:58:29Z Torres-Díaz, Juan Carlos Infante-Moro, Alfonso New technologies have transformed higher education whose application has implied changes at all levels. These changes have been assimilated by the university community in various ways. Subtle differences among university students have emerged; these differences determine that the resources the network offers have been used in different ways, thus creating gaps in the university population. This study seeks to determine the level of incidence of the variable of university students’ incomes on the uses and intensity of use of the Internet tools and resources. Students were classified using factor analysis complemented through cluster analysis in order to obtain user profiles; these profiles were verified by means of discriminant analysis. Finally, chi-square was applied to determine the relationship between income level and user profiles. As a result, three profiles were identified with different levels of use and intensity of use of the Internet tools and resources, and statistically the incidence of income in the creation of those profiles was proved. To conclude, we can say that the income level falls mainly on the variables that define the access possibilities; gender has a special behavior; however, since the profile of the highest level has a double proportion for men, though women have better performance in general terms.
2012-09-21T17:49:38Z Medrano-Samaniego, Concepción Aierbe-Barandiaran, Ana Martínez-de-Morentín, Juan-Ignacio This study was carried out on a sample group of 1,238 adolescents from eight different cultural contexts, and aimed to determine the values perceived by subjects in their favorite television characters. It also aimed to identify any possible differences between cultural contexts. The basic hypothesis for the study was that television conveys values and constitutes one of the forces for socialization at play during adolescence. The total sample group was made up by: three Spanish sub-groups, four Latin American sub-groups and one Irish sub-group. The instrument used for exploring perceived values was the Val.Tv 0.2, which is an adaptation of Schwartz’s scale. The data were collected both by means of an on-line platform and in person. In relation to the results, in general, the values most commonly perceived by adolescents are self-management and benevolence. As regards contextual differences, although significant differences were observed in all values, in no case were they particularly notable. The only exceptions were hedonism and achievement, for which no significant differences were found at all between the different contexts. The most relevant differences were found in the values of conformity, tradition, benevolence and universalism. From an educational perspective, we can conclude that the measurement instrument used may constitute an adequate tool for decoding the values perceived by adolescents in their favorite television characters.
2012-09-21T17:32:38Z Morato, Jorge Sanchez-Cuadrado, Sonia Fraga, Anabel Moreno-Pelayo, Valentin The internet’s evolution toward a scenario of greater potential, with users increasingly involved in its development and management, demands a lower level of semantic ambiguity in the documents that are provided. The proposed semantic web, a concept that appeared almost a decade ago, has had only modest impact. On the other hand, web 2.0, an autonomous evolution of the web toward a collaborative environment, has met with enormous success. The solution devised by web 2.0 has exceeded the limitations of natural language processing tools and statistical approaches. For that reason, it seems logical to analyze the potential contributions that web 2.0 concepts could make to further the development of the semantic web. Some ways of making the leap from a social web to a social semantic web are discussed.
2012-09-21T17:25:22Z García-Muñoz, Núria Fedele, Maddalena This paper presents the main findings of a research project on teen series, which are television fiction series featuring teenagers and specifically targeted at a young audience. The analysis of the portrayal of young people in television fictional series specifically targeted at a young audience has a meaningful value both for television production and for audience reception. In fact, the potential consumers of the teen series –the teenagers– find themselves at a key moment in the construction of their identities. First, the article presents a review of the background literature on young people’s portrayal in television fiction series. Secondly, it discusses the concept of teen series and their relationship with youth consumption. Finally, the article presents a case study that consisted of a content analysis of the North American teen drama Dawson’s Creek. Content analysis was conducted on a representative sample of three seasons of the show, in order to analyse two groups of variables: the variables of the characters’ personalities and those of plot and story characteristics. The article discusses the results of the second group of variables, focusing on the main characteristics of the plots and on the characters’ roles in the development and resolution of the conflicts. Acceptance of one’s personal identity, love and friendship have been identified as the most highly recurring themes. In addition, the importance of social relationships among the characters in the development of plots and conflicts has been highlighted.
2012-09-21T17:03:08Z Sanchez-Cuadrado, Sonia Colmenero-Ruiz, Maria-Jesus Moreiro, Jose-Antonio Thesauri and other knowledge organization systems have been adapted to the technological environment. Currently, this represents an essential aspect of knowledge organization on the semantic web. After a long period in which thesaurus guidelines and standards were not updated, some have been revised by the governing organisations within the past five years. Consensus among international experts has resulted in publication of the first part of an ISO standard for thesauri, which provides a data model and emphasizes the interoperability process. This paper compiles the most relevant guidelines for thesauri published between the ‘80s and the ISO 25964 document. We reflect on the most relevant characteristics in this evolution and explore the most recent applications of knowledge organization systems on the Web.
2012-09-21T16:48:30Z Maia Vinhas de Azevedo, Mauricio The current political scenario motivates some social initiatives to try to improve and enlarge the citizen participation in the government. In Brazil, governmental initiatives such as Public Transparency websites and the Participatory Budget Program, tries to meet this demand, but there are other examples besides the government’s initiatives. In Sweden there is the Demoex party (extended democracy), that tries to make possible the direct democracy using information technologies, in other words, the digital direct democracy. This text tries to introduce the digital democracy experience from Demoex party as well as similar Brazilian initiatives; to explore the use of negative and positive feedbacks in self-adjusting democratic spaces on web; and to realize the digital divide not only by the perspective of the possibility of acquiring and using technology, but as a cognitive matter, in other words, thinking about how the user understand the information in digital media. In addition, this work explores some questions regarding technology, Science Information and cognitive ecology.
2012-09-21T14:05:30Z Márdero Arellano, Miguel Ángel Duarte Moreira dos Santos, Regina Maria Sodoma da Fonseca, Ramón Martíns The Open Journal Systems/OJS or SEER/Sistema Eletrônico de Editoração de Revistas - a free, web based, journal management and publishing system - is in production for 64 journals in Brazil, as of this date. The majority of journals possess a ISSN Registration Number, make use of blind peer-review process and elaborate and specific submission guidelines for authors. During the first 11 months of distribution among the brazilian academic community, 23 on-site training sessions where performed with 467 attendees of both public and private institutions, aimed to promote the use of SEER/OJS in Brazil. Ibict's website also provides information on the logistic requirements for the training, as well as informational material necessary to the training. Ibict encourages the distribution and national adoption of SEER/OJS, in order to assist scientific editors in their main goal of managing their periodicals. With this tool, editors can now manage and publish all of the standard editorial process, from submission and review, to publishing and archival of their digital content. SEER/OJS establishes a practical and economic solution to the needs of brazilian scientific editors.
Modelo de contexto recomendable para la gestión contable y administrativa de las asociaciones profesionales de bibliotecarios. Experiencia práctica desde la Asociación de Bibliotecarios Graduados de la República Argentina (ABGRA)
2012-09-20T18:53:49Z Díaz-Jatuf, Julio Piro, Isabel We present a theoretical approach of a context model suitable for the proper administrative and accounting professional library associations, based on the theory and its corresponding case study applicable to the Asociación de Bibliotecarios Graduados de la República Argentina (ABGRA).
2012-09-20T18:01:43Z Pérez-López, Ana Gómez-Narváez, María The aim of this paper is twofold, claiming the figure of the school librarian with professional profile as a faculty member in good standing of the schools, a figure which would give meaning to the concept of school library as IFLA, UNESCO for their integration, management and visibility as a resource center for learning, and show, based on international assessment studies and some proposed national school library is an indispensable resource for information literacy and media. We describe the recent situation of school libraries in Spain and Andalusia from the perspective of studies in recent years. Introducing the scope of public policy for the creation, provision and operation of school libraries in Andalusia in the description of changes in the teaching-learning processes involving the literacy’s and Technologies of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), which would imply greater use of the school library as a resource center for learning.
Influencia del acceso abierto en las revistas de América Latina en el contexto internacional de la ciencia
2012-09-20T14:35:10Z Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Zaida Miguel, Sandra De-Moya-Anegón, Félix The Open Access in the scholarly communication is grouped into two areas referred to as gold and green roads. Some studies analyze the extent and magnitude of this phenomenon, but few show the effects in terms of impact and visibility. Our goal is to analyze these effects from the perspective of the economic model of the journals included in the database Scopus, in Latin America. The results show that both international and thematically, the presence of the journals that contribute to the development of "green route" exceeded the percentage of journals “golden route”. While in the peripheral and emerging regions, "golden route" predominate occupy the last positions of the distributions of impact.
2012-09-20T14:31:31Z Lancho-Barrantes, Bárbara S. Guerrero-Bote, Vicente P. Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Zaida Moya-Anegón, Félix Domestic citation to papers from the same country and the greater citation impact of documents involving international collaboration are two phenomena that have been extensively studied and contrasted. Here, however, we showthat it is not somuch a national bias,but that papers have a greater impact on their immediate environments, an impact that is diluted as that environment grows. For this reason, the greatest biases are observed in countries with a limited production. Papers that involve international collaboration have a greater impact in general, on the one hand, because they have multiple “immediate environments,” and on the other because of their greater quality or prestige. In short, one can say that science knows no frontiers. Certainly there is a greater impact on the authors’ immediate environment, but this does not necessarily have to coincide with their national environments, which fade in importance as the collaborative environment expands.
2012-09-20T14:29:21Z Muñoz de Solano y Palacios, Barbara Prieto Gutiérrez, Juan José Ramos-Simón, L.-Fernando Issues related to the conservation treatment of any supporting document (traditional, digital or mixed) aren’t simple and their consideration involves multiple decisions about risk factors that may suffer over time in order to guarantee access and preservation. Accidents generate lost of cultural identity and knowledge it´s still necessary to have security plans in order to minimize accidents. From the of the reference model Open Archival Information System (OAIS) point of view are analysed the three essential modules that provide access to the document by the user: acquisition (Ingest), preservation (Archival storage) and retrieval and access to information, with the intention of providing technical solutions ao varied risk factors inherent in each stage.
2012-09-20T14:22:52Z Ball, David Big Deals, open access, and digitisation increasingly mean that selection decisions are being removed from librarians and transferred to the end user. David Ball looks at the forces pushing towards this ‘disintermediation’ and considers the future role of the academic library.
2012-09-20T14:20:59Z Ball, David A study, funded by Resource: The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries, was undertaken in 2000-2001 to give an up-to-date view of the current experience of outsourcing and externalization in libraries, museums and archives. Case studies of purchasers recognized as pioneers in the field, and of providers, were undertaken. As a result, this weighted decision matrix was developed as a tool for judging the suitability of library services for outsourcing. Illustrations of potential uses are given.
2012-09-20T11:31:11Z Passos, Sónia The profession of librarian is inscribed in the Portuguese law in 1979, when the career was regulated. About 20 years later, planning for careers in libraries, archives and documentation is reconsidered taking into account the "evolution of information science" and "increasing use of new information technologies." In 2006, the Program for Restructuring the State's Central Administration (PRACE) presents a plan for the Reform of the Documentation Sector within Public Administration, rationalizing and concentrating services, and the absence of a comprehensive information policy is confirmed. This happens in the two consecutive moments: in 2008, with the abolition of special careers and merger with the general careers, and in 2010 with the demise of the General Directorate of Books and Libraries. With this background, and bearing in mind the current scenario of "crisis", we would like to frame the issue of this paper - the role and skills of librarians - within a particular context, where once again evidence of Portuguese "late modernity" is witnessed.
2012-09-20T09:30:08Z Ferreira, Carla Information has gained, in the last decade, a huge importance. It is an extremely valuable social resource, for it generates wealth and it leads to scientific progress. Due to the new information technologies and the World Wide Web – the new privileged means of communication – information has acquired a digital basis which has made its production, distribution and diffusion easier, fulfilling the growing needs of organizations and individuals. However, because it is too vulnerable, digital information presents new challenges when we think of its preservation. The fast degradation of the media and the technological obsolescence and dependence make this kind of information unlikely to endure. For that reason, thinking about the preservation of digital information is, perhaps, more important than considering the preservation of analogical information, not only because of its economical value but also because its uniqueness demands ongoing and more complex actions and preservation strategies. Although the preservation of digital information is a task for a multitude of entities (such as authors/producers, hardware and software engineers, publishers/distributors, governments, users/consumers, etc.), libraries are still the irreplaceable agents to ensure that the cultural, literary and scientific heritage remains imperishable, now in a digital basis. Assuming this thought as a starting point, this essay presents the main features, concepts, strategies and challenges placed by the preservation of digital information, through the libraries perspective.
2012-09-19T14:11:24Z Suaiden, Emir José Knowledge and information have new importance in the context of the information society. Today, when we think of both values it is necessary to look at them under the educational, economical and cultural perspectives because the information process is global and has to do with every country directly or indirectly in a greater or a lesser extent. Therefore, Latin American countries must use infomation transfer in order to solve great problems such as illiteracy, digital exclusion and the lack of a contents industry. The solution to these problems will determine the growth of the scientific production and improve the quality of life of the populations.
Aportes para la Bibliografía de la Historia del Libro, las Bibliotecas, la Imprenta, el Periodismo y la Lectura en la Argentina
2012-09-18T23:37:24Z Rubí, Eduardo The objective of this Bibliography Compilation has been colect the information gathering was dispersed, with regard to the history of books, libraries, printing, journalism and reading in Argentina, from the discovery of America until 1880. Included are monographs and periodical articles in print and electronic.